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Linux on IBM System z: Performance Measurement and Tuning

An IBM Redbooks publication


Published on 28 December 2011

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ISBN-10: 0738436321
ISBN-13: 9780738436326
IBM Form #: SG24-6926-02

Authors: Lydia Parziale, Edi Lopes Alves, Linda Caroll, Mario Held and Karen Reed

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    This IBM® Redbooks® publication discusses performance measurement and tuning for Linux for System z®. It is intended to help system administrators responsible for deploying Linux for System z understand the factors that influence system performance when running Linux as a z/VM® guest.

    This book starts by reviewing some of the basics involved in a well-running Linux for System z system. An overview of some of the monitoring tools that are available and some that were used throughout this book is also provided.

    Additionally, performance measurement and tuning at both the z/VM and the Linux level is considered. Some tuning recommendations are offered in this book as well. Measurements are provided to help illustrate what effect tuning controls have on overall system performance.

    The system used in the writing of this book is IBM System z10® running z/VM Version 6.1 RSU 1003 in an LPAR. The Linux distribution used is SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1. The examples in this book use the Linux kernel as shipped by the distributor.

    The z10 is configured for:

    • Main storage: 6 GB
    • Expanded storage: 2 GB
    • Minidisk cache (MDC): 250 MB
    • Total LPARs: 45
    • Processors: Four shared central processors (CPs) defined as an uncapped logical partition (LPAR)

    The direct access storage devices (DASD) used in producing this IBM Redbooks publication are 2105 Enterprise Storage Server® (Shark) storage units.

    The intent of this book is to provide guidance on measuring and optimizing performance using an existing zSeries® configuration. The examples are intended to demonstrate how to make effective use of your zSeries investment. The workloads used are chosen to exercise a specific subsystem. Any measurements provided should not be construed as benchmarks.

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Virtualization and server consolidation

    Chapter 2. Tuning basics on System z

    Chapter 3. z/VM and Linux monitoring tools

    Chapter 4. z/VM storage concepts

    Chapter 5. Linux virtual memory concepts

    Chapter 6. Tuning memory for z/VM Linux guests

    Chapter 7. Linux swapping

    Chapter 8. CPU resources, LPARs, and the z/VM scheduler

    Chapter 9. Tuning processor performance for z/VM Linux guests

    Chapter 10. Tuning disk performance

    Chapter 11. Network considerations

    Appendix A. WebSphere performance benchmark sample workload

    Appendix B. WebSphere Studio Workload Simulator

    Appendix C. Additional material


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