DB2 12 for z Optimizer

An IBM Redpaper publication

Published 28 June 2017

cover image

ISBN-10: 0738456128
ISBN-13: 9780738456126
IBM Form #: REDP-5445-00
(44 pages)

Authors: Terry Purcell


There has been a considerable focus on performance improvements as one of the main themes in recent IBM DB2® releases, and DB2 12 for IBM z/OS® is certainly no exception. With the high-value data retained on DB2 for z/OS and the z Systems platform, customers are increasingly attempting to extract value from that data for competitive advantage.

Although customers have historically moved data off platform to gain insight, the landscape has changed significantly and allowed z Systems to again converge operational systems with analytics for real-time insight. Business-critical analytics is now requiring the same levels of service as expected for operational systems, and real-time or near real-time currency of data is expected. Hence the resurgence of z Systems.

As a precursor to this shift, IDAA brought the data warehouse back to DB2 for z/OS and, with its tight integration with DB2, significantly reduces data latency as compared to the ETL processing that is involved with moving data to a stand-alone data warehouse environment. That change has opened up new opportunities for operational systems to extend the breadth of analytics processing without affecting the mission-critical system and integrating near real-time analytics within that system, all while maintaining the same z Systems qualities of service.

Apache Spark on z/OS and Linux for System z also allow analytics in-place, in real-time or near real-time. Enabling Spark natively on z Systems reduces the security risk of multiple copies of the Enterprise data, while providing an application developer-friendly platform for faster insight in a simplified and more secure analytics framework.

How is all of this relevant to DB2 for z/OS? Given that z Systems is proving again to be the core Enterprise Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) system, it is critical that DB2 for z/OS can handle its traditional transactional applications and address the requirements for analytics processing that might not be candidates for these rapidly evolving targeted analytics systems. And not only are there opportunities for DB2 for z/OS to play an increasing role in analytics, the complexity of the transactional systems is increasing. Analytics is being integrated within the scope of those transactions.

DB2 12 for z/OS has targeted performance to increase the success of new application deployments and integration of analytics to ensure that we keep pace with the rapid evolution of IDAA and Spark as equal partners in HTAP systems.

This paper describes the enhancements delivered specifically by the query processing engine of DB2. This engine is generally called the optimizer or the Relational Data Services (RDS) components, which encompasses the query transformation, access path selection, run time, and parallelism.

DB2 12 for z/OS also delivers improvements targeted at OLTP applications, which are the realm of the Data Manager, Index Manager, and Buffer Manager components (to name a few), and are not identified here.

Although the performance measurement focus is based on reducing CPU, improvement in elapsed time is likely to be similarly achieved as CPU is reduced and performance constraints alleviated. However, elapsed time improvements can be achieved with parallelism, and DB2 12 does increase the percentage offload for parallel child tasks, which can further reduce chargeable CPU for analytics workloads.

Table of contents

Why read further
The performance focus in DB2 12 for z/OS
UNION ALL and outer join performance
Runtime optimizations
Predicate optimizations
User-Defined table function predicate optimizations
Optimizer cost model enhancements
RUNSTATS and optimizer-generated statistics profiles
Static and dynamic plan stability

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