Using the ADDIE method to design a course for the IBM Lotus LearningSpace - Virtual Classroom

Published 02 October 2002

Authors: Mike Ebbers


This tip shows how a live virtual classroom can be effectively used as a training tool by following the ADDIE model when designing a course. ADDIE stands for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.


Good instructional design is key to any effective training program. In this tip, we show you how tasks related to a virtual classroom course could fit into an instructional design approach. A virtual classroom does not require that you utilize one design approach over another. But to help you get started with course development, we summarize the popular ISD model named ADDIE.

The A in the ADDIE model stands for Analysis. It represents a structured way to assess your organization’s training requirements and the environment in which training will take place. Steps include: identifying the training need, identifying the constraints, analyzing the audience.

The first D in ADDIE stands for Design. Now that you've set the stage for your training initiative with the information you gathered in the analysis stage, it is time to roll up your sleeves and design your training program. The outcome of the design phase should be an effective curriculum and script design that will achieve the desired learning outcomes when implemented. Steps include: identifying the learning outcomes, collecting the available resources, creating a blended curriculum, selecting a session type, choosing your tools, creating a script for your session.

The second D in ADDIE stands for Development. With your design complete, it is time to develop the materials that will be used in your training program. Relevant materials include: marketing materials to publicize your course, workbooks, course packs, and LVC components (outlines, assessments, whiteboard documents).

Once you have designed your sessions and developed the materials needed for those sessions, you are ready to go live! Using the ADDIE method, the Implementation section is divided into two parts: pre-session and post-session activities. During pre-session, you will enlist the help of the broader team that is going to assist in the successful implementation of your session. This includes the marketing coordinator, LVC administrator, help desk, facilitator, producer, and any guest SMEs.

The post-session tasks are related to ongoing access to session files, access to recorded sessions, post-session learning, evaluations, and report generation. The actual live sessions are part of the implementation stage, as well.

The Evaluation stage is a key part of any training program. It allows you to gauge how well the training program met the objectives for which it was designed. Most trainers today use some, if not all, of the levels of evaluation described by Donald L. Kirkpatrick. These levels are:

  • Level one: Reaction
  • Level two: Learning
  • Level three: Behavior
  • Level four: Results

Although there are a number of considerations for designing and implementing an effective training course that includes the virtual classroom, the entire process can be completed in a fairly short timeframe, depending upon the complexity of the training topic. For a relatively straightforward training need under very tight constraints, it would be feasible to complete the process through implementation in 2 to 3 weeks. This is far less than the process to deploy custom self-paced e-Learning content. In fact, deploying training to a large distributed audience using the virtual classroom is faster than classroom training because of the reduction in travel time and logistical overhead.

Adapt this process to your own instructional design approach and you will have a quick recipe for delivering effective training using the LVC in your organization.

Special Notices

This material has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is published AS IS. It has not been the subject of rigorous review. IBM assumes no responsibility for its accuracy or completeness. The use of this information or the implementation of any of these techniques is a client responsibility and depends upon the client's ability to evaluate and integrate them into the client's operational environment.

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